terça-feira, 26 de janeiro de 2016
Conjuntura - exportações relojoeiras suíças quebraram 3,3 por cento em 2015
Pela primeira vez desde 2009, as exportações relojoeiras suíças recuaram - o valor total das exportações em 2015 cifrou-se em 21,5 mil milhões de francos, menos 3,3 por cento em relação a 2014 e situando-se assim ao nível de 2012.
Em contra-corrente, Portugal, 24º mercado de destino dos relógios suíços, registou em 2015 um aumento de 1,4 por cento em relação a 2014 - o país importou 145,4 milhões de francos suíços em relógios, contra 143,4 no ano anterior. Mas menos 3,7 por cento que o registado no ano recorde de 2013, quando se importaram relógios suíços no valor de 151,1 milhões de francos. Em Dezembro, e continuando uma desaceleração que vinha desde há meses, Portugal foi o 26º mercado de destino dos relógios suíços, com um valor de menos 13,7 por cento face a mês homólogo de 2014.
Para o comportamento geral, influenciou muito o primeiro mercado de destino - Hong Kong, onde a quebra em 2015 foi de 22,9 por cento face a 2014.
Em termos de volume, a quebra foi menos acentuada - reduziu em 1,6 por cento. Com um total de 28,1 milhões de relógios exportados, desceu-se ao nível de 2013. No total, foram exportados menos 460 mil relógios suíços em 2015. Os relógios mecânicos representaram 80 por cento do valor das exportações, caindo em 2 por cento o valor face a 2014. Os relógios de quartzo caíram 9,9 por cento em valor.
O comunicado da Fédération Horlogère:
Swiss watch exports in 2015
Marked downturn in the second half-year and annual result in decline
The Swiss watch industry faced a more complex and difficult environment in 2015. It recorded its first downturn since 2009. The total value of watch exports was 21.5 billion francs, a decline of 3.3% compared to 2014. As a consequence, the annual result was virtually back on a par with the level of 2012, following two consecutive years of consolidation. Development of the Hong Kong market weighed heavily in the overall balance.
The situation regarding watch exports deteriorated steadily during the year 2015, falling from +3.2% in the first quarter to -7.3% in the fourth quarter. The second quarter brought into focus most factors affecting the branch and fell well short of its 2014 level (-6.8%), while the first half-year as a whole remained slightly positive (+0.5%).
The general context did few favours for the branch. Overvaluation of the franc, the sudden readjustment affecting Hong Kong, the economic slowdown and political decisions in China, tensions in the Middle East, the low level of the rouble and terrorism were all factors which undermined the forecast of stability announced a year ago. This situation will continue to influence results for the Swiss watch industry in the first part of 2016, which moreover will suffer from a generally unfavourable base effect. Consequently, watch exports are likely at best to achieve the same value this year as in 2015. Visibility however is poor.
Watches generated a value of 20.2 billion francs, accounting for nearly 95% of all exports. They registered a decline of 3.6% compared to 2014. In volume terms, the downturn was more moderate at -1.6%. With a total of 28.1 million timepieces exported, volumes reverted to their 2013 level. In total, 460,000 fewer watches left Switzerland in 2015.
Mechanical watches generated 80% of export sales. Their value fell by 2.0%. Quartz timepieces recorded a more mixed result, with a decline of 9.9%.
All main price segments saw their value contract in 2015, though results were not uniform. Watches below 200 francs (export price) limited the downturn to -1.0%, and even recorded a slight increase in volume terms (+1.3%). The 200-500 franc category was hardest hit, recording a downturn in value terms of 8.7%. There was little to separate the two higher price ranges, with a downturn by value of 4.3% between 500 and 3,000 francs, and 3.1% above 3,000 francs.
During the year 2015, the fifteen main markets showed the following trend (total value in million francs and % variation by comparison with 2014):
1. Hong Kong 3,176.2 -22.9%
2. USA 2,358.5 -0.8%
3. China 1,336.2 -4.7%
4. Italy 1,315.2 +6.4%
5. Japan 1,305.4 -1.9%
6. Germany 1,232.6 +0.7%
7. France 1,224.8 +9.4%
8. United Kingdom 1,160.9 +19.1%
9. Singapore 1,130.8 +1.0%
10. UAE 950.0 -6.7%
11. South Korea 638.1 +0.2%
12. Spain 494.5 +6.0%
13. Saudi Arabia 435.3 +11.2%
14. Taiwan 429.9 -3.1%
15. Austria 305.8 +15.3%
Asia was the leading market for Swiss watchmakers and absorbed exactly half of exports by value. It recorded a sharp decline (-9.1%). Europe, accounting for one third of sales, registered a healthy increase of 6.1% compared to 2014. Growth on the American continent suffered a reverse from September onwards and ended the year on a negative note (-1.9%).
2015 was a very difficult year for Swiss watch exports to Hong Kong. Their value fell by nearly a quarter (- 22.9%), exerting a strong negative effect on the result worldwide. The local market underwent a major readjustment linked in particular to exchange rates and consumer trends. After a period of steady growth until August, the United States registered a sharp decline to end the year virtually unchanged (-0.8%). The situation in China showed an improvement compared to last summer, but overall returned a negative result (-4.7%). The main European markets all showed gains compared to 2014. Italy (+6.4%) continued its very favourable progression and Germany (+0.7%) returned to the black despite a severe setback at the end of the period. France (+9.4%) experienced a particularly dynamic summer before losing ground in November and December, linked to the consequences of terrorism which probably also affected its neighbours. The United Kingdom (+19.1%) outperformed all other markets and registered steady growth throughout the year. After several months of marked slowdown, Japan (-1.9%) remained stable and ended the year with a moderate decline. In the Middle East, the main markets presented a mixed profile: in value terms, the United Arab Emirates registered a decline of 6.7%, while Saudi Arabia recorded an increase of 11.2%. The MERS epidemic left its mark on South Korea (+0.2%), which just managed to end the year on a positive note.